COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM PADA MASYARAKAT PESISIR; DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN DAN PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI

COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM PADA MASYARAKAT PESISIR; DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN DAN PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI
Siti Arieta
Pusat Penelitian Sumber daya Pesisir dan Lautan Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji (PPSPL UMRAH)
Indonesia
Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
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Abstrak

Coastal communities are extremely tied by alienation and poverty. In the meantime, a lot of potentials are included to be economically independent. Remote location is one of the high values of tourism if it supported by the clean environment, hospitality and cultural authenticity. During the time coastal communities are considered as a backward and unsuccessfully achieved communal power. Community skills among women and younger generations are not aroused in an integrated and maximum approach. As a consequence, empowerment and community-based activities are offered as an alternative solution. Empowerment in this study is in the field of tourism as a potential of coastal regions. It is believed that the empowerment and community-based tourism will be able to maximize the creativity of all components in coastal communities, creating new job opportunity, preserve local culture and environment, and also improve the income of the community in order to establish economic independence. This exploratory type of research has data collecting technique through a survey of literature and experience. Community based tourism concept is expected to be effectively applied in coastal regions of Indonesia. Supported by both government and private sectors, community power is generated as a capital to expect autonomy establishment in order to meet the needs of coastal communities, improve the quality of life without ignoring local wisdoms in the environmental management.